How would you characterize the additional cash payment and does the benefit to the infant girl justify the method for accomplishing that benefit? Would you go forward with the adoption?

1. Identify reasons a business organization should be concerned about its ethical culture.
What key management policies/programs help to determine a strong or weak ethical
culture?

2. Define trust and its importance in a business ethical culture? What happens when trust
is lost?

3. Put yourself in the role of the Recall Coordinator for Ford Motor Company in the Pinto
Case study:
(a) Is a cost benefit analysis (define it!) appropriate where human life is part of the
cost calculation? Why or why not?
(b) How would Milton Friedman (profit/shareholder maximization) view cost benefit
analysis in this situation? How would Ed Freeman (stakeholder) view it? How
about the Golden Rule, would there be a different result?
(c) Where do you draw the ethical line on product safety?

4. In the Pinto case study, as the Recall Coordinator:
(a) Identify the ethical dilemmas and ethical conflicts and who are the
affected parties (stakeholders)?
(b) What decision would you make? .Which theory would it be based upon – the
consequential (utilitarian) or the deontological (Kant’s Categorical Imperative) and
what would be the impact of your decision? Be sure to define the theory you
would use.

5. What conditions would have to be present for you to blow the whistle about unethical
conduct you observed at work? How would you go about it by identifying the specific
steps to take and implications (risks) for you?

6. In this case scenario, Green Company–an environmentally sustainable company–has
offered to hire you as a consultant to design an ethics communication and training
program for all Green Co. employees. Your meetings to date have been ONLY with
head of human resources. As you begin your research, Green’s corporate counsel
informs you that you will not be allowed to ask employees about ethical dilemmas that
have occurred at Green. He specifically tells you to get your information from other
sources such as press accounts of problems in the industry, or from other organizations
with which you’ve worked. In addition, the head of human resources has told you that
you’ll not meet the three most senior executives because they’re busy negotiating
a large acquisition. You will have access to other high-level managers who can tell you
what they think the senior leadership would want.

Based on what you have learned about business ethical cultures, identify the problems
presented in this case. Should you take the job? Why or why not?

7. One way to tell if business decisions are ethical is to put them through an ethics check
by asking three questions: (1) Is it legal? (2) Is it balanced? (3) How will it make me
feel? Apply each of these three questions to the following ethical dilemma: your best
friend forgot about a term paper due tomorrow, has not researched or written it and
asks if he could copy a paper you wrote for another instructor last semester. What is
your decision and why?

8. Ninos and Ninas, Inc. is an adoption agency in Massachusetts that specializes in
speedy adoptions of poor Hispanic-American infants. These poor infants, if not
adopted, would end up abandoned on the street or malnourished in orphanages because
their mothers cannot afford to care for them. The adoption fee charged by the agency is
$15,000. You have been accepted for adoption by the agency with a non-refundable
deposit of $10,000.

Two months later, Carmen, the agency’s director of adoption
services, informs you that a baby girl is now available. She then gives
instructions to you to place in post office box the final $5,000 of the fee and an
additional $2,500 in cash in a sealed envelope, marking the envelope for “Senior Jose.”
Carmen further explains that once the $5,000 adoption fee balance and additional cash
payment are paid, you can come to the agency the next day to pick up your little girl.
When you question the additional odd cash payment, Carmen tells you that “Senior
Jose ”is an official in the social agency who handles adoptions and it is the way Ninos
and Ninas, Inc. has been doing business for 10 years.

How would you characterize the additional cash payment and does the benefit to the
infant girl justify the method for accomplishing that benefit? Would you go forward
with the adoption? What ethical and/or moral theories would help in your decision?

Consider whether any, legal defense(s) could be raised by HealthyMart. Are any legal defenses likely to be successful in negating liability for HealthyMart? Why or why not? (Tip: Stick only to the facts in the case, do not assume any facts not given.)

legal memoranda are written to provide research findings, analysis and advice on a specific legal question. In this case, you have been given a case scenario and specific legal questions to address in your memo. You should begin by reading the case scenario and the guidance about how to write a legal memo.
Your memo must contain the following sections (as described further in the guidance provided):
• Heading
• Question Presented
• Brief Answer
• Facts
• Discussion
• Conclusion
• Legal Authority Cited (Bibliography)
Research
You may use any of the sources provided for you in the classroom and you will find at least one resource of your own. Your source may be a relevant news article, scholarly article, case, statute, etc. Format
Your memo should be approximately 4-6 pages, double-spaced, 12 point font. The most important section of the memo (and section worth the greatest amount of points) is the discussion section. This is where you will provide your own analysis by describing how your research applies to the relevant facts of your case.
Grammar, Organization and Source Citation
PLEASE proofread your memorandum before submission. Be sure that your memo is easy to read, organized and grammatically correct. Otherwise, you will lose points based on your writing. You must also properly cite to the sources you use. You may not use exact language from an outside source unless you use quotation marks and cite to the source for that language.
ASSIGNMENT INSTRUCTIONS AND CASE SCENARIO

Legal Memorandum
Your assignment is to write a three to five page legal memo analyzing the fact pattern below. You are to discuss the parties and relevant issues in a thorough analysis. These issues deal with tort and Constitutional law. This is not an exercise in memory. Lawyers refer to resources all of the time when they are researching their legal problem. Use the course resources, weekly cases and case summaries to your advantage!
I am not interested in your outcome (who will end up winning in court) as I am in how you use the law to support your conclusion. Base your answer only on the facts given. This Project focuses on the material assigned for Weeks 1-3 only.
Please analyze and address the questions (Two parts, I and II) regarding the following case scenario:

Case Scenario: HealthyMart, Inc., a large retail super market store that sells a variety of products, has had an eventful couple of weeks.
Part I:
There have been heavy rains in the area all week. On Wednesday, a ceiling tile that had become wet from a leaking roof in HealthyMart due to the heavy rain storms earlier in the week fell and hit some bags of peanuts causing the nuts to spill across the store aisle. Michelle, a customer, entered the aisle, slipped on the peanuts and broke her leg and arm. The manager of HealthyMart was unaware of the leaking roof and the wet ceiling tile and unaware that the peanuts had spilled onto the store floor.
Part II.
On Friday, a small group of political protestors carrying signs and quietly chanting were marching back and forth the full length of the public sidewalk in front of HealthyMart. HealthyMart encompasses the entire block by the public sidewalk with entry and exit doors located directly in the center of the store building, and with privately owned parking in the back of the store. Sometimes the protestors were at either of the two ends of the sidewalk in front of HealthyMart, and thus, not directly in front of the entry/exit door doors to HealthyMart. The protestors did not walk on or enter the private parking lot owned by HealthyMart; the protestors did not stop and congregate in front of the store or its entry/exit doors at any time. The management of HealthyMart believed that the protestors were impeding the ingress and egress of customers into HealthyMart end therefore interfering with business. HealthyMart called the police to have the protestors removed.
The police did not arrest the protestors but did require them to stop marching and move away from HealthyMart.
Assignment
Part I:
A. How likely is Michelle to win a negligence case against HealthyMart for her injuries resulting from slipping on the peanuts? Why?
B. Consider whether any, legal defense(s) could be raised by HealthyMart. Are any legal defenses likely to be successful in negating liability for HealthyMart? Why or why not? (Tip: Stick only to the facts in the case, do not assume any facts not given.)
Part II:
A. The protestors want to sue the City for violation of their constitutional rights. Specifically, what legal claim could the protestors sue for and why?
B. Could the protestors be convicted of trespassing against HealthyMart? Why or why not?

Its important that you have prepared so that you can provide sufficiently detailed examples to support your argument and analysis.

History response paper

Order Description

NATIONAL LIBERATION, INTERNAL STRIFE AND INTERNATIONAL MACHINERY ITS ESSENTIAL THAT YOU READ PRASHAD CLOSELY AND DO SOME ADDITIONAL RESEARCH FOR THIS PROMPT. Its important that you have prepared so that you can provide sufficiently detailed examples to support your argument and analysis. The Prompt After World War II, many people from formerly colonized or impoverished nations in Africa, Asia and Latin America organized movements of national liberation and social revolution. Select one of the nations listed below, and explain: (1) how its liberation struggle developed, (2) how leaders of it engaged international organizations, (3) how post-liberation governments responded to internal differences, and (4) how post-liberation governments have responded to effects of globalization. Choose One of the Following Countries: Indonesia Egypt Argentina Iran Yugoslavia Cuba Bolivia Venezuela Tanzania Jamaica To get 100% on this, you MUST… draw specific references from the Prashad book. (Each of these countries is discussed at length in at least one chapter.) not discuss Algeria. (We’ve already doiscussed this in length in class, so it’s not a choice.) draw examples from Roberts chapters on international organizations. (See Chapters 15-17.) It’s OK to use Wikipedia This time, I encourage you to begin research on a single nation by studying the Wikipedia page for your nation. This should provide you with some basic details, maps, and pictures etc. Its ideal to start here, note some basic details of liberation struggles, identify key figures and events. Its OK to draw examples from other sources, too, but you MUST draw examples and references in your response from Prashad and Roberts. If you don’t, even if you provide a detailed answer, you will not receive a high score

Provide a snapshot of Ancient Rome and the Han Dynasty. Why were they so important, and how was power manifested in both? What ultimately led to the decline of these

History Course work

Order Description

1,
Short Paper: Compare the Torah with Rig Veda
Write a short paper comparing the sacred texts of the Rig Veda and the Torah by answering these questions:
How do these texts reflect their respective cultures?
What key differences are apparent, and what common universal themes can be gleaned from their teachings?
Use outside sources if necessary. Be sure to include a citations page. Be sure to access, and to cite, actual passages from both the Rig Veda and Torah. 1 page in

length
2.
Compare Han and Rome
Provide a snapshot of Ancient Rome and the Han Dynasty. Why were they so important, and how was power manifested in both? What ultimately led to the decline of these

important societies in antiquity? 1/2 page in length
3.
Select a work of art in any form (painting, architecture, sculpture, or literature) from one of the following eras: Prehistoric, Ancient Egyptian, or Mesopotamian.

Ensure that your choice was created in the time frames identified here. It should not simply be a depiction of something in this time period. In your essay, discuss at

least two ways in which your selected work of art illustrates or reveals the beliefs, values, or ideas significant to its culture. (What can the work of art “tell us”

about the people who created it and what was important to them?) 1/2 page in length.

Discuss how each gap in the gaps model of service quality can be used a tool to diagnose specific service failures and recovery situations. This will involve you discussing each gap and giving an example as how it relates to a specific service failure and recovery situation from commercial and /or social business contexts.

Details of the task Address the following question:
Critically evaluate how the gaps model of service quality can be
used as a tool to diagnose and recover services failures experiences
thereby sustaining customer relationships. Illustrate your answers
with examples from commercial and/or social business contexts
(100)
As a guide you should:
 Discuss the academic literature on the gaps model of service
quality ( 40 marks)
 Discuss how each gap in the gaps model of service quality can
be used a tool to diagnose specific service failures and recovery
situations. This will involve you discussing each gap and giving
an example as how it relates to a specific service failure and
recovery situation from commercial and /or social business
contexts. (40 marks)
 Discuss how by deploying the gap model of service quality this
may help to sustain customer relationships (20 marks)
Your work should be in a creative, critical and evaluative manner.
Ensure that your arguments are clear and logical and where
appropriate include academic sources, i.e. academic journal papers,
which add weight to your points raised. Please show in your list of
references an appropriate breadth and depth of references relevant
to the topic.
Your work must be correctly referenced throughout in the
Harvard format.
Your assignment should be word processed and produced in an
appropriate academic style. The font should be 12, and be double
spaced.

Demonstrate how each alternative links in with the firm’s strengths, capabilities and core competencies. How do these alternatives take advantage of opportunities and minimize environmental threats?

a strategic management plan for a regional tourism association or business within the hospitality industry. The focus of the strategic management plan will be the application of contemporary theory taking into account emerging and long-term trends and developments.
The report must address the following:
1. A brief overview of the business including; size, location, vision and mission
2. Situation Analysis
a. General environmental analysis (chapter 2). Evaluate the following trends and predict the segments that you expect to have the most influence over your business and why.
i. Technological trends
ii. Demographic trends
iii. Economic trends
iv. Political/legal trends
v. Sociocultural trends
vi. Global trends
vii. Physical environment
b. Industry analysis
i. Porter’s five forces model. Discuss and evaluate how attractive the industry is in which your firm is competing.
c. Competitor analysis
i. Identify key competitors and overview their objectives, strategies, strengths, weaknesses and capabilities.
d. Internal analysis
i. Assess the firm’s strengths and weaknesses through a value chain analysis. Note, strengths are internal resources and capabilities that have the potential to be core competencies place the firm at a competitive advantage and visa versa for weaknesses.
3. Identification of Environmental Opportunities and Threats and Firm Strengths and Weaknesses (SWOT analysis).
a. Attempt to match firm strengths with opportunities. How would you minimize environmental threats?
4. Strategy Formulation
a. Strategic alternatives
i. Identify 2-4 alternative strategies (business-level chapter 4, corporate-level, chapter 6).
ii. Demonstrate how each alternative links in with the firm’s strengths, capabilities and core competencies. How do these alternatives take advantage of opportunities and minimize environmental threats?
iii. Which alternative is the best and why?
5. Implementation and Action Plan of Strategic Alternatives
a. Implementation issues, e.g. structural changes, leadership, new controls, incentives, etc.
b. Action plan- brief overview of who, what, where, when and how?

Write an essay that analyzes the pros and cons of the commonly used measures ( NPV, IRR, PI, MIRR, DPB) and come to a conclusion based on the literature that you surveyed as to which methods are theoretically correct and those popular.

The essay should demonstrate a student’s ability to integrate and synthesize course concepts with selected readings to communicate his/her understanding of financial management concepts their application in organizations. The essay should also demonstrate a student’s ability to communicate as a manager. This includes proper writing style, organization, grammar, and spelling, as well as integration of course-related material. The writing style must follow the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , 5 th edition. Citations for online sources should include the online address (URL) and access date as well as the citation for the specific reference.
Research for the paper may be conducted online using the UMUC online library as the primary source. Do not use abstracts, use full-text articles. Publications that may be relevant for the topics listed below include: Strategic Finance, The Journal of Business Finance and Accounting, CFO Magazine, Nonprofit World, Harvard Business Review, or other accounting and financial journals.
The paper should:
• Be based on your reading and research relevant to the topic.
• Be 5 to 6 double-spaced pages, plus appendices, exhibits, and references.
• Include a one-page Executive Summary immediately following the title page that includes a statement of the major issue(s) and your conclusions and specific recommendations. The content of an Executive Summary is similar to an abstract.
• Properly cite reference sources: these may include course material, information from magazines, journals, and online sources. All reference sources must have a publication date within the last three years. Students who wish to use an older source publication should contact the instructor with the request and reason.
1. Capital Budgeting, Net Present Value, and other Decision Tools – Write an essay that analyzes the pros and cons of the commonly used measures ( NPV, IRR, PI, MIRR, DPB) and come to a conclusion based on the literature that you surveyed as to which methods are theoretically correct and those popular. Emphasize real-world practices of capital budgeting methods, including project approval processes. Synthesize the discussions in published research.

Understand the nature and content of MICS and how they improve management decision-making. 2. Evaluate the strategy of MICS in different types of organisations. 3. Demonstrate how MICS are able to integrate the various management functions to enhance the overall performance of organisations.

Business information and communication flow
Produce a formal report in which you provide a critical evaluation of the role of ERP and CRM systems in an organisation of your choice (MUST BE UK BASED ORGANISATION).

Describe the role played by wireless networks and other types of networks in involving different parts of the organisation, or other organisations.
Outline and critically discuss the business functions performed by the ERP and CRM systems, the flow of data and information in the ERP and CRM systems.
Evaluate how management, and other users, can use the information from these systems both tactically and strategically and state what form the information may take, and address issues with mobile devices and BYOD.
State your conclusions, and make appropriate recommendations.

Learning outcomes to be examined in this assessment:
1. Understand the nature and content of MICS and how they improve management decision-making.
2. Evaluate the strategy of MICS in different types of organisations.
3. Demonstrate how MICS are able to integrate the various management functions to enhance the overall performance of organisations.

Assessment criteria Explanatory comments on the assessment criteria Maximum marks for each section
Content, style, relevance, originality Employs a wide range of recent journal literature to provide a clear and detailed picture of the current situation 30
Format, referencing, bibliography Structured as a professional report, fully using the Harvard Reference System 20
Constructive critical analysis, introduction, conclusion Shows clear analysis and evaluation of the findings and clearly indicates how management decisions impact the results 50

Students should conform to the conventions of the above assessment format in the preparation of their assignments. The relevant assessment criteria have been stated to enable and guide students in the preparation of their work. Achievement of the learning outcomes and the application of relevant theories to the assessment task should be demonstrated.
How to structure the assignment report
Title Page
Assignment title, module code, full name and student code, as well as submission date.
Table of Contents
A list all the chapters, sections, headings and sub-headings. Appendices and Figures should be provided as well as all page numbers as clearly as possible.
Introduction
This provides an overview of the topic being considered and how you will approach it.
Findings and Analysis
• This is the substance of your report. The structure will vary depending on the material being presented. Headings and sub-headings should be used to indicate clearly the different sections
• The following headings may help to add structure: situation; problem; solution; evaluation. It is not sufficient simply to describe a situation. Analysis and a critical approach are essential
• Charts, diagrams and tables can be used to reinforce your arguments, although it may be better to include the more complex ones as an appendix.
Conclusions
These draw out the implications of your findings. Deductions are based on the facts described in the findings and analysis. Remember not to include any new material here.
Recommendations
Indicate what you think should be done to improve or develop the situation in specific ways. Highlight the steps for action.
References
This is a record of all the named sources you have quoted from or reproduced in your report. Please use The Harvard System for all references
Bibliography
It contains all reading you have conducted in preparation for writing the report but have not used in reference. It allows the reader to assess whether the background reading undertaken was balanced and a variety of courses utilised.
Appendices
Detailed documentation of points made in the findings. Examples include: technical data, questionnaires, letters sent, tables, charts or leaflets. An appendix contains supplementary information that you consider to be too long, complicated or not quite relevant to include in the main section of the report, but is still relevant to your reader. Each appendix should be referred to in your text. You should not include something as an appendix if it is not discussed in the report.

Please use UK English and I will attach the full outline of the assignment as well as all the lecture notes to help you ensure you use all the relevant theories etc.

Read between the lines, being constantly aware of the authorial perspective, bias and agenda. Read critically, engaging the author or theories, exploring their strengths and weaknesses. Consider why material is significant. How does it fit into the social and historical context?

World History

Order Description

Guidelines for papers
Each paper should be 4 to 5 font 12 typed single-spaced pages.
Your paper must include 8 separate documents from the Ways of the World, a global history with sources volume 1: To 1500 by Robert W. Strayer. On top of your paper state specifically by number which 8 documents you are using (for example, document 3.1, 4.2 etc.)
Your paper must have a thesis that ties the 8 documents together. Do not simply analyze each document individually. Each document must be used in support of your overall theses. As you write your paper, always make it clear the documents to which you are referring. Any paper which is plagiarized or copied from another student will receive a grade of zero.
Purpose of assignment and criteria for paper
The purpose of the writing assignment is to produce a deep critical analysis of the weekly reading, in which you investigate and examine what the various authors or theories are advancing.
Avoid busy-work: Do not provide a mere summary of what the author states, but examine the works, providing your own insight and evaluation, telling the reader something beyond what the author or theory does, furthering the discussion beyond that advanced in the text.
Read between the lines, being constantly aware of the authorial perspective, bias and agenda. Read critically, engaging the author or theories, exploring their strengths and weaknesses. Consider why material is significant. How does it fit into the social and historical context?
Be thorough, providing broad coverage of the various topics addressed in the readings. Do not simply pick one aspect of the readings while ignoring the others.
Be specific and detailed, making explicit reference to the content of the readings. Do not provide a vague and lazy analysis in which no facts of references are made. These specific facts, or examples, will serve as the evidence in support of your assertions.
Make explicit connections in which you compare and contrast the reading with other material. Be imaginative in demonstrating how the readings tie in with class discussions, readings, films, or current events. Try and provide a thematic whole in which you link the various topics together.
While this assignment calls for you to make assertions, try to base these assertions on specific evidentiary examples. Avoid personal digressions or opinions lacking a clear factual basis.
Consider whether you would enjoy reading your own paper. Have you written a paper that is interesting and intellectually satisfying? Avoid (1) merely restating what is in the text, (2) simply stating the text was interesting or boring, (3) posing numerous unanswered questions.
Make sure your paper is carefully proof-read and that you explicitly make your points in a way that is clear and logically presented to the reader.

Does the reader have a good sense of how to assess a program similar to yours, after reading your paper? Are your recommendations for improving this program clear? Have you met the goals you set up for yourself in your initial topic proposal?

This is my idea of the project i have already
Center for Multicultural Health Organization in King County Seattle Washington State HIV/AIDS Prevention for Women in African Communities.
Using mentor-ship program
Develop a face time app as a mentor ship means of communication
African women have been known to carry the burden of supporting their families to the extent of neglecting themselves. In most African communities, culture dictates that women must comply with men’s decisions, even if the decisions are harmful to women. Under such oppression, it is very difficult for African women to raise their voice when harmful cultural practices are thrust upon them.
The project will focus on ensure women have access to prevention and treatment services through the following programs:
• Education through community outreaches
• Advocacy to promote behavior change
• Self-sustain empowerment
• Awareness of the increasing impact of HIV on women
By providing these services, will empower women lead to wholesome lives. Women will be involved in all aspects of the prevention planning and implementation. Other focus on assessing prevention is to address the sexual and reproductive health and rights of women and girls to protect them from HIV. Prevention is always a more effective mechanism to control the spread of the disease than treatment.
This is one of the refence must be use in this project ( I need 10 this will be one of them)
Reference:
Stratton, S. E (2012). The encyclopedia of HIV/AIDS. New York, NY: Facts on File.
The actual project information and details from the instructor.
A Pathfinder is a document that takes the reader through the process of finding the best information on a topic. It guides an interested researcher to important search tools and terms to use to identify information on a particular subject. This project will demonstrate the skills you’ve gained over the quarter in both information literacy and program assessment, and gives you an opportunity to use the resources we’ve discussed. It’s a cumulative project, as well—since we are looking at new types of resources, you will have had time to do the project in manageable parts. NOTE: Although there is some writing involved in the Pathfinder, you will not be writing a formal research paper. The goal is for you to do all the research you would do in preparation for writing a research paper.
Requirements of the final project:
1. 500-800 word Executive Summary
2. Between 8-12 annotated citations in APA format
3. At least 3 types of resources represented
4. Evaluative annotations
The details
What exactly is a pathfinder? Think of it as a map or a toolkit of resources for others researching a topic similar to yours. You’re going to show the way to the credible, useful resources on your topic—whether those sources are encyclopedias, scholarly articles, statistics, organization’s websites, software programs, or whatever is most appropriate for your topic. These sources will help readers put together their own evaluation and assessment toolkit in some area of social services.
This project will demonstrate the skills you’ve gained over the quarter in both information literacy and program assessment, and gives you an opportunity to use the resources we’ve discussed. It’s a cumulative project, as well—since we are looking at new types of resources every week, you will have had time to do the project in manageable parts. In other words, there shouldn’t be a big crunch on your time at the end of the term if you spend part of each week working on this.
What social or human services program are you interested in researching/assessing? You can start with an area of interest (say, chemical dependency counseling), and then focus on some aspect of assessment once you know a bit more about it (perhaps you read something about funding to increase outreach to chemically-dependent teens) or have identified an organization/program that is related to your area of interest. Chances are your topic will become more refined as we move through the term, but in any case, proposal/topic statement will address the “so what” question: what topic/program are you researching, and why? Program evaluators typically have to “sell” their ideas and recommendations, and the reader (me, and throughout the process, some of your classmates) will want to know why this topic/program is of interest to you. If you are preparing this pathfinder to complement your research in another class or for your job (which I encourage), be sure to include information on other potential readers of your paper, as that is the role we will take in reviewing your work. I will be glad to work with you to tailor a project that meets both the curricular needs of this course as well as a real-life application. This is not plagiarism; if you turned in the exact same paper for both this class and another, then there would be a problem. Making your topic and the research process applicable in more than one situation, however, can be a good time management strategy, and shows that you’re incorporating information literacy skills into your life.
Final Product: Two Sections
1. Executive Summary
In most cases, an executive summary precedes a lengthy report: it provides the reader with an overview of the document without getting bogged down in details. In the business world, it also serves a persuasive purpose: you want the reader to agree with and support the findings or recommendations in the report. You’ll be doing that here, as you need to persuade your reader that you have indeed covered your bases in terms of finding the best, most useful resources for your topic. If the reader uses the resources you present, she will have the tools necessary to assess a program similar to the one you evaluated, and to make positive changes to the program you evaluated. This introductory section should be in the range of 500-800 words, and cover the following elements:
• the topic and purpose of your pathfinder: for what type of program (or specific program) are you gathering assessment resources and data?
• a brief summary of your strategy for finding the sources you selected; briefly listing the finding tools/sources you used provides a useful guide for both the reader and you, such as the names of specific databases, call number areas, search tools such as GoogleScholar, and so on. For example, if you used SocIndex as one of your resources for finding article citations, say so. If there were specific terms that brought up the most relevant results, say that as well. Similarly, mention any particularly useful reference books or search engines. If certain types of material were difficult to locate or use, include that information.
• a summary of what you’ve found: point the reader to the highlights of your selected resources. Remember that you’re “selling” your skills in finding information and putting it to use in assessing a program or topic.
• The class web page will have links to more information about and examples of executive summaries

2. Sources, with AnnotationsYour list of sources should contain between 8 and 12 items, which will reflect the varied source types we’ve used over the term. You must have at least 3 different types of sources in your pathfinder.Most of you will have a mix of entries from subject encyclopedias, organizational web sites, and scholarly journal articles, though there are many other source types that may be used. You will need to allow sufficient time to read all of these documents to decide which are the best for your pathfinder: you’ll be looking at many more than the 8-12 titles that make the final cut. Most full-text articles come with abstracts, or their own summary; abstracts can be useful to you in narrowing down your potential pathfinder candidates, but you’ll need to read the article yourself and write your own annotation. Remember, it’s your evaluation of the work and how it fits in with your topic that’s important.
A Word About Those Annotations
Annotations describe the main points of a work, indicating any special features or weakness. They should be brief—five or six sentences are usually enough to convey your summary and evaluation. From an annotation, a reader should be able to ascertain a work’s purpose, content, and value. The value of a work needs to be based on its relevance to your assessment topic; here’s where you can add details that don’t fit into your Executive Summary. We’ll be going over some points to consider when writing annotations, and we’ll do some practice writing of them in class later in the term.
Citation Format
We’ll be spending time in class working on citation style, using the 6th edition of the APA (American Psychological Association) style guide. There’s a handout online with the basics (linked from both the library and the course page), and there are two copies of the book-length guide in the Reference area of the Library. Some databases provide citations for you that are theoretically in proper format, but these are notorious for being incorrect: I expect you to be able to put bibliographic elements in proper citation order yourself without relying on software. In any case, you, not the software, are responsible for the completeness and quality of your final citations.
Credit
All elements of this project, along with the presentation about it, makes up big piece of your grade in this course, so please put the appropriate effort into it. My evaluation will be based on a combination of process, content and format: did you utilize the search strategies we discussed in class, and did you use your time in the lab to follow up on leads? Did you use a variety of reference tools in your research, and did you cover the major sources for your topic? Are the citations in correct APA style? Are the annotations informative and evaluative? Does the reader have a good sense of how to assess a program similar to yours, after reading your paper? Are your recommendations for improving this program clear? Have you met the goals you set up for yourself in your initial topic proposal? Remember to re-read the grading rubric before turning in your final paper: how does your work stack up with the grading criteria? This information may be updated or expanded;