1.(TCO C) Redstone Company spent $190,000 developing a new process, $45,000 in legal fees to obtain a patent, and $91,000 to market the process that was patented. How should these costs be accounted for in the year they are incurred?
2.(TCO D) Yates Co. began operations on January 2, 2010. It employs 15 people who work 8-hour days. Each employee earns 10 paid vacation days annually. Vacation days may be taken after January 10 of the year following the year in which they are earned. The average hourly wage rate was $24.00 in 2010 and $25.50 in 2011. The average number of vacation days used by each employee in 2011 was nine. Yates Co. accrues the cost of compensated absences at rates of pay in effect when earned. Instructions:
Prepare journal entries to record the transactions related to paid vacation days during 2010 and 2011
3.(TCO D) Hurst, Incorporated sold its 8% bonds with a maturity value of $3,000,000 on August 1, 2009 for $2,946,000. At the time of the sale, the bonds had 5 years until they reached maturity. Interest on the bonds is payable semiannually on August 1 and February 1. The bonds are callable at 104 at any time after August 1, 2011. By October 1, 2011, the market rate of interest has declined and the market price of Hurst's bonds has risen to a price of 101. The firm decides to refund the bonds by selling a new 6% bond issue to mature in 5 years. Hurst begins to reacquire its 8% bonds in the market and is able to purchase $500,000 worth at 101. The remainder of the outstanding bonds is reacquired by exercising the bonds' call feature. In the final analysis, how much was the gain or loss experienced by Hurst in reacquiring its 8% bonds? (Assume the firm used straight-line amortization.) Show calculations.