What is race?  Biology, a social construction or fiction?

Race and Racism

1 What is race?  Biology, a social construction or fiction?
Kurzban, R., Tooby, J., & Cosmides, L. (2001). Can race be erased? Coalitional computation and social categorization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,

98(26), 15387-15392.

Smedley, A., & Smedley, B. D. (2005). Race as biology is fiction, racism as a social problem is real: Anthropological and historical perspectives on the social

construction of race. American Psychologist, 60(1), 16-26. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.60.1.16

2 Historical racism towards Indigenous Australian children
McCallum, D. (2007, 3//). Informal powers and the removal of Aboriginal children: Consequences for health and social order. International Journal of the Sociology of

Law, 35(1), 29-40. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsl.2006.11.003

Petchkovsky, L., & San Roque, C. (2002). Tjunguwiyanytja , attacks on linking: Forced separation and its psychiatric sequelae in Australia’ ‘Stolen Generations’.

Transcultural Psychiatry, 39(3), 345-366. doi: 10.1177/136346150203900304

3 White privilege
Kwate, N. O. A., & Goodman, M. S. (2014, 9//). An empirical analysis of White privilege, social position and health. Social Science & Medicine, 116(0), 150-160. doi:


Stewart, T. L., Latu, I. M., Branscombe, N. R., Phillips, N. L., & Ted Denney, H. (2012). White Privilege Awareness and Efficacy to Reduce Racial Inequality Improve

White Americans’ Attitudes Toward African Americans. Journal of Social Issues, 68(1), 11-27. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2012.01733.x

4 The effects of racism in the migrant community
Nairn, R., Pega, F., McCreanor, T., Rankine, J., & Barnes, A. (2006). Media, Racism and Public Health Psychology. Journal of Health Psychology, 11(2), 183-196. doi:


Yakushko, O. (2009). Xenophobia: Understanding the roots and consequences of negative attitudes toward immigrants. The Counseling Psychologist, 37(1), 36-66. doi:


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