Performance management:

Performance management:

PhD in Business Administration

RE01 C 1






Management and Organizations

When did you start the program (session, year)?

Fall, 2017

Chosen topic of study

  1. Define your topic of research interest. (about 300 words)

The topic of interest is “The Mediating Effect of Performance Management’’. Management innovation is the process by which the management handles the various processes in the organization to come up with better and new ideas. The topic, therefore, aims at determining the role that the handling of processes and coming up with new ideas drive better change in the organization. It is combined with the aspect of change management. Where there is an effective process of management innovation, there is a high possibility that there will always be a chance to favor the organization.
The topic is therefore meant to determine the roles that the management innovation could play in the enhancement of organizational performance. There is the issue of determining how successful an organization could be by having in place management innovation. Besides, there is the intention of determining how the business could fail if it does not have the management innovation in place. Different processes are related to the management of the organization. At this point, Performance management (PM) will be associated with setting clear organizational goals, specifying targets and indicators to link goals to performance outcomes, and taking action to influence achievement against targets (Boyne 2010). To facilitate buy-in of missions and goals and to assist with meeting targets, PM regimes will seek to empower middle managers to make decisions and take responsibility for their unit’s conduct and outcomes. Simultaneously, senior executives will be mandated to intervene, make corrective actions in a coordinated manner, and adapt strategy when necessary (Walker and Boyne 2006).
First, there is the inventory management that determines how effective the various inventories of the firm are managed. There is also the management of the customers, both the internal and the external customers. Other management processes include departmental organizations, management of the employees’ welfare and motivation, management of wastage in the organization, and even communication management. The overall goal of the management is to ensure that all the processes are handled most efficiently for the better performance of the organization. Management innovation adds up to the role of the management by introducing the aspect of change in the end. The entire topic is about the relationship between the level of management innovation and the performance of the organization. Different levels of management innovation will be compared to the different levels of performance.
In the end, the topic aims at determining the correlation that exists between the two aspects. The management innovation is the independent variable while the performance of the organization is the dependent variable. The latter is dependent as it depends on the level of management innovation. The main concentration is on the management and the organization of the firm. This determines how well the processes of the organization are managed and how effective they lead to the performance of the firm.

  1. Why are you interested in this topic? And to whom this topic would be interesting? (about 150 words)

This topic is quite significant as it touches on the leadership of the organization. The management of the organization determines how effective the rest of the processes will be. In this regard, leadership is ascertained to affect all other areas of the firm. Management and organization are the central areas of the firm. If they are handled well, they lead to a better performance of the organization. This topic brings about the issue of management innovation. This incorporates the issue of new decisions and ideas that the management comes up within the process of running the organization. It is more than just the normal management.
It is interesting to determine whether the innovation management does the organization any better, or is just another source of failure. In the end, the topic allows the reader and the researcher to come up with an effective recommendation about management innovation. One would recommend for the process if the findings show that innovation management leads to better performance. On the other hand, one would consider negative recommendation if the findings indicate poor performance as a result of the management innovation. The most interested parties of the topic are the managers and other levels of leadership in the organization. They would borrow a reef and consider if they need to adopt the management innovation or stick to their normal routines. The topic also guides the rest of the parties involved in the running of organizations as they would prefer better management methods that lead to better profit levels.

  1. What are the main journals publishing this area of research? Provide a list of 3 to 5 journals.
  2. Main Journals Publishing in the Management Innovation Topic
  3. Management Innovation and Organizational Performance: The Mediating Effect of Performance Management.
  4. The Influence of Management Innovation and Technological Innovation on Organization Performance A Mediating Role of Sustainability
  5. Role of Management Control Systems in Quality, Innovation and Organizational Performance in Portugal SMES Companies
  6. What methodologies are mostly used in this area of research?

This research project applies to secondary methods. This includes the use of written journals that are peer-reviewed to determine the relationship between management innovation and the performance of the organization (Darroch, 2005). There are various reasons why the secondary method of data collection is used for this research. First, the method provides the opinions of so many scholars among which one could select from it. With the different views of the different scholars, it is possible that one would make the best conclusions. The secondary method also provides a chance for one to compare and contrast results from other sources. This increases the level of reliability of any information collected along the way. The information is also readily available for the researcher.
The articles used to collect the information are readily available on the online platform. This is a cheap source of information and can also be referred to any time the researcher is in need. The research at hand has a limited time to collect all the information and come up with an effective consultation. The secondary research method allows one to access information in good time and only spends limited costs. This makes it more convenient for the researcher and the participants. There is also a limitation of the number of people required in the project. The secondary research method does not require respondents as compared to primary research. This ensures that there is convenience and one does not face the issue of non-cooperating members of the team. The secondary research method is applied as the main method. However, other methods could be used in small magnitude where the secondary method fails to be sufficient.

  1. Identify at least three variables that you plan to use in your study and you are interested in studying. Fill out this table with that information. The scales can come from the same source or from multiple sources. (Use space as needed).

Variables Used in the Study
Variable Name
Management Innovation
New management Ideas
Management Organization
Decision making and resolving issues
Organization Performance
Productivity/Profitability of the firm

  1. Describe briefly how each of the variables was used in the cited source. This review should include at least 300 words for each variable. Explain how that variable was study and what the findings were.

Management Innovation

This is the process by which the management adopts new ways of doing things and comes up with new ideas to enhance better organizational performance. This is the process that is intertwined with the change management enhancement of the management. With management innovation, the management adopts better ways of doing things. It is in this case where there are better technologies used to manage the organization. There are also new technologies used to control various processes in the entire supply changing management. Management innovation affects the overall performance of the firm. Where there is a high level of innovation in terms of the management aspects, the firm does better in short and the long run (Walker, Damanpour & Devece, 2010). On the other hand, performance reduces when management innovation is low or not available. The best alternative for the management is to adopt innovative management styles as they lead to better performance of the organization. This creates a better competition ground for the firm.

Management Organization

This is the process by which leadership leads, organizes, plans, and controls the business with the ultimate goals of attaining profitability and productivity. It is the ultimate objective of every organization to do well in the market. Also, every leader aims to see that the organization does well in all other aspects. Even though profitability is the primary goal of the firm, it cannot be attained with poor processes. The leading role has to be of quality. The firm must have in place leaders that can coordinate all employees effectively (Darroch, 2005). Such leaders need to have the skills of how best to motivate the employees so that they can offer their best. This is the staffing role. When the staffing role is weak, the performance of the employees is affected negatively, and so are the profits of the firm. The level of planning also determines how well the firm performs in the end. When the management can plan effectively, and in good time, the firm gets a sense of direction in every activity. When errors are ascertained and controlled in good time, the firm performs well. On the other hand, the firm performs poorly if errors are determined late and therefore not regulated.

Organization Performance

This is the dependent variable in the entire comparison process. The management innovation and management organization determine it. When the two methods are active, the latter also does well. On the other hand, where the firm has not management innovation in place, there will be poor performance (Prajogo & Sohal, 2006). It is worth noting that the firm does not survive in isolation. It competes with other firms. In this regard, management innovation ensures that leaders make better decisions to enhance better performance in the market. It is the role of the management to ensure that all factors are taken into account to provide better performance of the firm.

  1. Develop a model where the variables you selected are included as independent, dependent, moderating or mediating variables.

The following figures shows the typical representations of variables

Model of Variables

IV Management Innovation DV Organizational Performance Mediating Firm : (PM)

IV Management Organization

  1. What is your research question? (about 20 words)

What is the role of management innovation and organization on organizational performance?

  1. How do you plan to contribute to this area of study? (about 100 words)

I plan to contribute to the area of study by carrying out in-depth research on the research question. In this regard, I will carry out a thorough research on the selected articles. This will enable me to determine the various independent variables and the dependent variables. I will research to determine the role that each of the independent variables plays on the result obtained on the dependent variable. More importantly, I will examine the influence of management innovation (MI) on organizational performance (OP) both directly and indirectly through performance management (PM). To this end, a central reform strategy that will be to promote performance management also referred to as ‘‘managing for results’’ (Moynihan 2006) and ‘‘managing for outcomes’’ (Heinrich 2002). Besides, I will come up with a conclusion in the end. I will also provide recommendations on the need for future research on the topic under consideration. This is after developing the study gaps left after the study.

  1. What kind of data do you plan to use for your dissertation? (about 50 words)

This is a quantitative nature of research. The nature of the dissertation will be in the form of collecting secondary data from secondary sources. Therefore, I am planning to provide a descriptive form of data in the dissertation. Collection of data will involve conducting research from government and public databases. This will be a comparison between the dependent and independent variables. The information will compare the role played by each of the independent variables on the performance of the organization, the dependent variable. The type of data will enhance the reliable construction of a conclusion and recommendation on the research topic.


Boyne, George A. 2010. Performance management: Does it work? In Public management

and performance: Research directions, eds. Richard M. Walker, George A. Boyne, and

Gene A. Brewer. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Darroch, J. (2005). Knowledge management, innovation and firm performance. Journal of knowledge management, 9(3), 101-115. Retrieved from:

Prajogo, D. I., &Sohal, A. S. (2006).The relationship between organization strategy, total quality management (TQM), and organization performance: The mediating role of TQM. European journal of operational research, 168(1), 35-50. Retrieved from:
Heinrich, Carolyn. 2002. Outcomes-based performance management in the public sector:

Implications for government accountability and effectiveness. Public Administration Review 62:712–25.

Walker, R. M., Damanpour, F., & Devece, C. A. (2010). Management innovation and

Organizational Performance: The Mediating Effect of Performance Management

[Abstract]. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 21(2), 367-386.


Walker, Richard M., and George A. Boyne. 2006. Public management reform and

organizational performance: An empirical assessment of the UK Labour government’s public service improvement strategy. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 25:371–94.

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