Mahmud is 13 and has lived all his life in rural northwest Pakistan. Michael, also 13, grew up in Washington, D. C. Knowing only this information, you should expect that _____________________________.
a. Mahmud is much more likely to be influenced by collectivist cultural values, including ideas about the role of girls and women in society.
b. Nowadays, Michael and Mahmud are likely to have the same cultural values, due to the power of modern communications technology that is “homogenizing” the world.
c. Mahmud’s and Michael’s cultural values are bound t become more individualistic as they mature and become adults.
d. Michael is more likely to share an increasing number of collectivist cultural values with Mahmud, because Michael lives in a densely populated city where there is little room for individualistic values