Explanation of what the two methodologies are and how they will be used for the Research Paper (Heuristic Inquiry and Narrative Approach)

Insightful, original, accurate, and timely. Substantive and demonstrated advanced understanding of concepts. Compiled/synthesized theories and concepts drawn from a variety of sources DATED FROM 2010-PRESENT to support statements and conclusions. Write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources (i.e., APA); and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

CH 3 (Methodology- Heuristic Inquiry and Narrative Approach (Storytelling)

3.0 Explanation of what the two methodologies are and how they will be used for the Research Paper (Heuristic Inquiry and Narrative Approach)

3.1 A lack of development in the literature

3.2 Transactional perspectives and the literature

3.3 Individual Differences and combined effects in the literature

3.4 Too little complexity in stress-related research

3.5 Too much complexity in stress-related research

3.6 A middle ground between simplicity and complexity

3.7 Rationale for research

3.8 Theoretical basis for variable selection

3.9 The issue of confounding variables

3.10 Summary of chapter 3

Heuristic Inquiry

Heuristic inquiry does not exclude the researcher from the study; rather, it incorporates the researcher’s experiences with the experiences of co-researchers. The researcher is required to have a direct experience of the phenomenon in question (Moustakas, 1990) in order to discover its essence and meaning. As such, “heuristics is concerned with meanings, not measurements; with essence, not appearance; with quality, not quantity; with experience, not behavior” (Douglass & Moustakas, 1984, p. 42). However, heuristic inquiry is not a process without order. Instead, it requires the researcher to engage in a disciplined pursuit of fundamental meanings connected to significant human experiences. Both passionate and disciplined commitment to studying of human experiences is necessary to ensure trustworthiness. Heuristic research differs considerably from other methodologies in that it views the researcher as a participant. As such, it allows the researcher to experience the intensity of the phenomenon. In fact, in heuristic research researchers pursue the inherent truth of the meaning of the phenomenon through processes of reflective learning that is self-directed, self-motivated, and open to spontaneous change in direction (Douglass & Moustakas, 1985). It is the researcher who creates the story that depicts deep meanings and essences of unique human experiences (Moustakas, 1990). Such research is inherently personal and it allows for participants to have their stories understood and their voices heard. Furthermore, when participants are chosen for a heuristics study, they are not viewed as mere subjects in the study but as important co-researchers who are an integral part of the heuristic process (Moustakas).

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