Discussion board 1 and 300 words for each discussion boards
Whether you are an adult or a juvenile, if you break the law and get caught, you will go through some type of justice system to the point of conclusion. With juvenile status offenses, most kids are returned to their parents and the parents given a date to appear with the child before the juvenile court.
With the more serious juvenile offenses and all adult serious offenses, there will be a formal arrest and detention and an appearance before a judge to begin the justice process. Bail is granted in nearly all instances except capital crimes and if the charge involves family violence, bail will not be granted until an appearance before a judge.
Create one fictional case of armed robbery where the suspect is a juvenile and one where the suspect is an adult. The background of the case is irrelevant for this discussion and you do not need to describe the circumstances of the crime. In both cases, the suspect will be arrested and go through the justice process to the point of being sentenced for the adult or given a disposition for the juvenile.
In your main post:
- Contrast two fictional cases, one juvenile and one adult, at each part of the process as the suspect goes through the justice system.
- Demonstrate which process, juvenile or adult, would be the most preferred from the perspective of the defendant.
Discussion board 2
Congress as well as the states passes laws that affect the entire criminal justice system, adult and juvenile. Court decisions can have as much, if not more, effect on the justice system. Court decisions typically provide mandates for what law enforcement and the courts can and cannot do and what is constitutional and what is not.
Over time, we have seen a far slower evolution of rights apply to juvenile proceedings in comparison to rights that apply in adult proceedings. The rationale behind this can be connected to the differing approaches to juvenile offenders. As perceptions changed throughout history, rights continued to increase in application. It was an evolving process. We still see some key distinctions to date, including in the areas of jury trials and utilization of the death penalty.
In your main post:
- Compare rights that apply in the juvenile and the adult criminal justice system.
- Determine the impact of the differences in rights throughout the system.
- Explore the public policy behind the difference in the evolution and application of rights in juvenile versus adult criminal justice processes.