The Audience Analysis. 1. Audience profile. Describe and define your target audience. Who do you want to reach with your summary/response? Can you define your
audience by age, gender, educational level, ethnic background, or any other criteria? (approximately 2-4 sentences)
2. Audience-subject relationship. Discuss what your audience probably already knows—if anything—about the topic. What do you expect your audience to already
know about the author or the topic of the core reading? How do you think they would likely react to the core reading? What do they expect from a rhetorical analysis?
What attitudes or biases do you expect in your audience? (approximately 2-4 sentences.)
3. Audience-writer relationship. Discuss your relationship to this audience. Consider what you may have in common with your audience. Consider whether your
audience will trust what you have to say or not. Are you “one of them,” or are they a group different from you who needs to know something you have to offer?
(approximately 1-3 sentences.)
4. Writer’s role. Discuss the role/perspective you want to project to your readers. Do you want to come across as a fellow spectator, someone with personal
experience of this topic, an expert on this particular reading, a friendly story-teller, or some other role? As long as you remain consistent, these and many other
possibilities are acceptable. (approximately 1-3 sentences)
The First Draft
Due by the end of Session 5
First drafts consist of the following elements:
1. A left-hand block header that includes your name, instructor’s name, class/section, and date
2. A separate title for the paper, centered on the title line and in the same size, style, and font as the rest of the document—not underlined. Use an original
title that suggest your main point or approach (not “Summary/Response Paper”).
3. MLA or APA formatting, including in-text documentation and a separate Works Cited or References page at the end.
4. Minimum 900 words for draft stage. (1200 words for the final draft.)
5. A minimum 200-word audience analysis. This analysis should be posted at the beginning of the draft paper, before page 1 of the actual paper. Use copy & paste
to add your audience analysis to your first draft file before posting.